Thematic Essay On Belief Systems Dbq

 

Step 3  Write the Introductory Paragraph

  • The introductory paragraph needs to include a THESIS STATEMENT or focus statement
  • HINT:  Students may restate the thematic background statement, but should attempt to do so in their own words
  • The paragraph should be a minimum of 5 sentences
  • Include general examples and relevant outside information
  • HINT:  define the theme in the intro
  • CAUTION:  do NOT go into any detail for your examples...save this for the body paragraphs

Example of an introductory paragraph -  Writing

      History has shown that human activity has often changed the land people live on.  Quite often, the changes to the physical geography has had both positive and negative impact on society.  From ancient times to the modern day, geography and society have worked together to meet the needs and want of humanity.  Geography may include landforms, waterways, natural resources or climate.  Examples of humanity's altering of their geography include ancient Egypt and their intricate irrigation systems, the Japanese use of terrace farming, Peter the Great's construction of his "window to the west", St. Petersburg and the construction of the Panama and Suez Canals.  Two examples worth examining further include Great Britain's use of natural resources during the industrial revolution and a second example includes the deforestation process surrounding the Amazon basin in Brazil.  Human progress will often alter the environment at a cost.

     

Step 4  Write the Essay Body Paragraphs

  • Include a minimum of 2 fact filled body paragraphs
  • Begin the paragraph with a TOPIC SENTENCE;  that is a sentence that simple states what the paragraph is about
  • Use the Essay Question "Task" as your guide of what to include within the paragraph
  • Depending on the essay question, body paragraphs will often discuss the following categories
    • positive and negative effects
    • similarities and differences 
    • causes and effects
    • political, economic or social traits

Step 5  Write a Essay Conclusion

  • Restate the Theme of the essay
  • Include a sentence for each body paragraph that references the theme and content
  • Conclusion should be a minimum of 3 sentences

 

June 2002 Model Essay:  Geography and Society

HINT:  More model essays can be found within the "Past Regents Exams" link.  Just go to the answer keys.

 

 

Step by Step Guide for Writing a 

Global History Document Based Essay

Approach the DBQ a similar way that you approach the Thematic Essay.  The DBQ adds the step of analyzing historical documents, therefore we will have access to lots of specific historical details. 

Step 1   Pre-writing Planning - Think it Through!

  • Read the task or question
  • Read the task again
  • Begin thinking on how to turn the essay "Task" into your essay focus statement (thesis)
  • HINT:  Students may restate the thematic background statement, but should attempt to do so in their own words
  • Using a highlighter can help identify key words and phrases
  • Make sure you fully understand what the DBQ Essay is looking for

Example from the June 2003 Exam...

 

Step 2  Make a Written Plan

  • Make an outline, block, list or a graphic organizer like a web to BRAINSTORM
  • This is a critical part of tackling the essay.  Many students make the MISTAKE of skipping this step!
  • Commit 5 or 10 minutes for this step.  It is time well spent.
  • Look for "buckets" or "categories" to help organize your essay.
  • You will be awarded points for the ACCURATE details you provide.
  • Common mistakes include the use of incorrect information  or use of inaccurate examples that don't support the theme.
  • GET WHAT YOU ALREADY KNOW DOWN ON PAPER FIRST
  • Include OUTSIDE information here to illustrate the theme further.

Example of Scrap Paper - Planning

NOTE:  Outside info is listed first...then the details from the documents second 

Change / Turning Points

Neolithic Revolution

OUTSIDE INFO

- dawn of civilization

- no more wandering, hunting and gathering

-leads to settlements, need for laws, institutions

-farming...

MOSTLY POSITIVE +

...more secure source of food, steady growth, 

 

 

 

 

 

DOCUMENT HELP...

DOC 1, timeline

domesticatio of animals, food source

DOC 2, dialogue...food source

DOC 3  ???NOT SURE???

 

Age of Exploration

OUTSIDE INFO

-from stagnant feudalistic settlements to massive amounts of cultural diffusion

-cultures come together...interdependence

-independent societies living separated...no contact

POSITIVE AND NEGATIVE

POSITIVE contact allows more trade, $$$$, goods and ideas exchanged

NEGATIVE

disease, foreign domination, brutality, no respect for other cultures, slavery...

 

DOCUMENT HELP...

DOC 4, MAP of trade routes

DOC 5,  population shifts...CULTURAL DIFFUSION

DOC 6  --SLAVERY population...

Collapse of Communism/USSR

OUTSIDE INFO

1990's, end of the Cold War

-gorbachev...perestroika...glastnost

-US vs. Ussr conflict ends

-capitalism and democracy have a greater influence

POSITIVE

democracy, freedom, Berlin Wall comes down, unity

less Nuclear war threat..?..

 

 

 

 

 

DOCUMENT HELP...

DOC 7 gorby's policies explained

DOC , 8  NOT SURE HERE?? policy

DOC 9  cartoons...shortages and multi ethnic breakup..nationalism  end of one problem seems to start another...

 

Step 3  Document Analysis - Scaffolding

  • Carefully read the questions attached to each document a couple of times
  • Then carefully read the document a couple of times
  • Take notes in the MARGINS as you go.  These could highlight things like
  • positives and negatives
  • similarities / differences
  • political, social economic traits
  • causes / effects
  • Highlighting the document will help identify key words, phrases, themes and details
  • Develop your answer using your highlighted text, margin notes and document analysis
  • Complete sentences are best to get your point across.
  • REMEMBER... the scaffolding points are weighted as much as the DBQ essay
  • Go to your scrap paper and jot notes from each document that can support your essay

Step 4  Write the Introductory Paragraph

  • The introductory paragraph needs to include a THESIS STATEMENT or focus statement
  • HINT:  Students may restate the thematic background statement, but should attempt to do so in their own words
  • The paragraph should be a minimum of 5 sentences
  • Include general examples and relevant outside information
  • HINT:  define the theme in the intro
  • CAUTION:  do NOT go into any detail for your examples...save this for the body paragraphs

 

Step 5  Write the Essay Body Paragraphs

  • Include a minimum of 2 fact filled body paragraphs
  • Begin the paragraph with a TOPIC SENTENCE;  that is a sentence that simple states what the paragraph is about
  • Use the Essay Question "Task" as your guide of what to include within the paragraph
  • Depending on the essay question, body paragraphs will often discuss the following categories or "buckets"
    • positive and negative effects
    • similarities and differences 
    • causes and effects
    • political, economic or social traits
  • Use parenthetical citation after a sentence to reference the documents  ie.  (doc. #4)
  • Use a majority of the documents within the essay
  • Constantly reference the Essay Task to make sure you are keeping the essay focused
  • Weave the outside information along with the document details.  YOU NEED BOTH!

 

Step 6  Write a Essay Conclusion

  • Restate the Theme of the essay
  • Include a sentence for each body paragraph that references the theme and content
  • Conclusion should be a minimum of 3 sentences

SPECIAL NOTES....

  • Proof-read your essay.
  • Avoid listing summaries of the documents.  This would sound like  "In document 1, it says...   In document 2 its says...Finally, in document 4 it says..."
  • Avoid using 1st person pronouns.  This would sound like... "In this essay I will clearly show you that..."
  • Avoid using abbreviated terms especially those often used on Instant Messenger.  This would sound like..."...+ Slavery was bad b/c, ya know...the gov't..."

 

 

Document Based Question Checklist / Feedback 

Use the questions below to complete a review of an DBQ essay process..

1.  How many times are the documents cited?

2.  List the documents numbers used in the essay.

3.  Identify a topic sentence from one of the body paragraphs by writing it below.

4.  Is it too general or too specific? And why?

5.  List 2 examples of outside information used within the document.

6.  Identify the thesis by writing it below.

7.  Identify the categories or "buckets" used to answer the essay question.

8.  Identify an example of paraphrasing by writing an example below.

9.  List 3 details used within one of the body paragraphs.

10. List 3 adjectives, which describes the essay.

11. List 3 specific ways to improve the essay.

12. Yes or No Are there margin notes found within the documents?

13. % of block / planning completed?

Rubric Score_________ Scored by _____________________

 

 

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DBQ EssayPERSIA / TopicSome Vocabulary to Use When Writing Your Essay
DBQ - Belief Systems - Islam, Christianity, BuddhismReligion / Belief Systems (Traditional) Monotheism, Polytheism. 5 Pillars of Faith, 10 Commandments, 5 Noble Truths, Eightfold-Path, Nirvana, Reincarnation, Cultural Diffusion, Mansa Musa, Mail, Muslim, West Africa
DBQ - Change Food Production - Neolithic Revolution, Agrarian Revolution, Green RevolutionEconomic / Non-Political Revolutions Revolution, Farming, Agriculture, Traditional Economy, Barter, Pesticides, Fertilizers, Thomas Malthus, Industrial Revolution, Surplus, Rise of Civilization, Characteristics of a Civilization, Domestication of Plants & Animals, Sedentary, Permanent Settlements, Rise of Cities, Complex Government, Laws, Religion, Job Specialization
DBQ - Change in Technology - Printing Press, Steam Power Machinery, Atomic BombIntellectual / Technology Revolution, Cold War, Renaissance, Protestant Reformation, James Watt, Great Britain, Martin Luther, Vernacular, Coal, Natural Resources, Many Rivers in Great Britain, Canals, Transportation of Goods/Resources, Harbors around Island of Great Britain, 95 Theses, Nagasaki, Hiroshima, Japan, Radiation Deaths and Illness
DBQ - Conquests Mongols, Spanish, OttomanPERSIA / Imperialism Nomadic, Reconquista, Encomeinda, First Global Age, Advanced Technology, Stirrup, Horses, Christianity to Americas, Non-Centralized Government (Mongols), Tribute, Cultural Diffusion, Diseases from Europe Spread to Americas, No immunity, Small Pox
DBQ - Contributions of Individuals - Leonardo da Vinci, Toussaint L'Ouverture, Mohandas GandhiPolitical, Social, Intellectual, Contributions of People Renaissance, Latin American Revolutions, Nationalism, India Independence, Haitian Independence,Successful Slave Revolt, Napoleon, Imperialism, Humanism, Inventor, Painter, Architect, Renaissance Man, Vitruvian Man, "Mona Lisa", "Last Supper", Secularism, Individualism, Realism, Portrait, Salt March, Boycott, Cotton, Partition (India - Hindu / Pakistan - Muslim)
DBQ - Control of Waterways - Economic & PoliticalEconomic & Political Control of Geography/Area Geographic Determinism, River Valley, Fertile Soil, Agriculture, Characteristics of a Civilization, Command Economy, Globalization, Exports, Imports, Factors of Production, Capitalism, Mercantilism, Spice Islands, India, China, Ottoman Empire, Sea Trade Routes, Middle East Trade Routes Controlled by Ottomans
DBQ - Denial Human Rights - Ukranians, Cambodians, RwandansHuman Rights Violations Natural Rights, Genocide, Dictator, Totalitarian, Famine, Stalin, Soviet Union, Africa Imperialism, Decolonization, Belgians, Tutsis, Hutus, Civil War,
DBQ - Economic Systems - Manorialism, Mercantilism, CommunismEconomic Systems Feudalism, Subsistence Farming, Agriculture, Favorable Balance of Trade, Triangular Trade, Gold & Silver, Mother Country, Colonies, Command Economy, Redistribution of Wealth, Forced Economic Equality
DBQ - French RevolutionPolitical Revolutions Third Estate, First Estate, Second Estate, Taxes, Absolute Monarchy, Committee for Public Safety, Guillotine, Napoleon, Dictator, "Liberty, Equality, Fraternity"
DBQ - Geographic Factors - Deserts, Monsoons, Cold ClimatesGeography Geographic Determinism, Cultural Diffusion, Cultural Diversity, Trade, World War II, Napoleon Russia Campaign, African Kingdoms (Mali, Songhai, Ghana), Gold & Salt Saharan Trade
DBQ - Government Control of People - Russia Under the Czars, Germany under Adolf Hitler, China under Mao ZedongPolitical Control Fascism, Nazi Germany, Totalitarianism, Communism, Dictator, Cultural Revolution, Great Leap Forward, Absolute Monarchy, Propaganda, Censorship, Militarism, Nationalism, Holocaust, Social Darwinism, Karl Marx
DBQ - Ideas - Heliocentrism, Natural Rights, MarxismIntellectual / Ideas & Philosophy Geocentric, Scientific Revolution, Telescope, Locke, Rousseau, Social Contract, Consent of the Governed, Two Treatises of Government, "Life, Liberty, Property", "Religion is the opiate of the masses", Great Leap Forward, Cultural Revolution
DBQ - ImperialismPERSIA / Imperialism Social Darwinism, White Man's Burden, Colonialism, Capitalism, Adam Smith, Wealth of Nations, Archipelago, Natural Resources
DBQ - Migrations - Africans to Americas, Jews to Palestine & Israel, Hindus & Muslims between India & PakistanArea/Geography / Movement of People Triangular Trade, The Encounter, Encomienda System, Mercantilism, Gold & Silver, Favorable Balance of Trade, Mother Country, Holocaust, Nazis, Genocide, Nationalism, Zionism, Imperialism, Great Britain, Independence Movement
DBQ - Natural Resources - Coal, Water, Oil, DiamondsArea/Geography (Natural Resources) Raw Materials, Imperialism, Mercantilism. Capitalism, Globalization, Industrial Revolution, Middle East, Saudi Arabia
DBQ - Problems - Genocide, Threats to Environment, Weapons of Mass DestructionPolitical, Economic, Area/Geography - Modern Problems Human Rights, United Nations, Nuclear proliferation, Declaration of Human Rights (1948), Climate Change, Desertification, Cold War, World War I, World War II, Nagasaki & Hiroshima, North Korea, Iran Nuclear Program.

DBQ - Results of War - Economic & Political

Political, Economic, Social / War, Conflict Crusades, Holy War, Feudalism, Cultural Diffusion, Commercial Revolution, Renaissance, Byzantine Empire, Golden Age of Islam, Nationalism, Alliances, Militarism, Imperialism, Spark (Assassination of Austrian Archduke ), Powder Keg, Balkan Peninsula, War Guilt Clause, Demilitarization, Rise of Hitler, Great Depression,
DBQ - The Cold WarPolitical, Social / Conflict Cold War Soviet Union, United States, Communism, Capitalism, Totalitarianism, Federal Republic, Dictator, NATO, Warsaw Pact, Hungarian Revolution of 1956, Berlin Wall, Non-Alignment, North Korea (Communist), South Korea (Republic), 38th Parallel, Fidel Castro, Contras, Sandinistas
DBQ - Protest MovementsSocial / Protest Movements Suffrage, Great Britain, Political Economy, Rise of Middle Class, China, Communism, Totalitarian, Tiananmen Square, Apartheid, Nelson Mandela, African National Congress, Human Rights, UN Economic Boycott, South Africa
DBQ - Salt, Sugar,and Cotton effects of People, Societies, and RegionsEconomic, Social, Area/Geography, Effects of People Cultural Diffusion, Geographic Determinism, West African Kingdoms, Ghana, Songhai, Mali, Mansa Musa, Islam, Slave Trade, Middle Passage, Encomienda, Age of Exploration, First Global Age, Old Imperialism, Mercantilism, Triangular Trade, Portugal, Spain, Great Britain, Industrial Revolution, Textiles, Mills, Factories, Mass Production, Factors of Production
DBQ - Technology: Caravel (Spanish), Stirrup (Mongols), and Railroad (India)Intellectual / Technology Spanish, Portuguese, Compass, Sextant, Sea Trade Route to India/Spice Islands/China, Nomadic, Horses, Decentralized Government, Tribute, Religious Tolerance (Mongols), cultural diffusion, Columbian Exchange
DBQ - Industrial RevolutionEconomic, Social/ Industrial Revolution Industrial Revolution, Factors of Production, Capitalism, Great Britain, Rise of Middle Class, Disposable Income, Factory System, Mill, Cottage Industry, Mass Production, Machines, Luddites, Spinning Jenny, James Watt, Steam Engine, Migration from Rural to Urban Areas, Karl Marx, Fredrich Engels, Communism, Redistribution of Wealth, Industrialization, Pollution, Poor Working Conditions, Child Labor, Long Work Hours, Workers Unions, Proletariat, Bourgeoisie, Imperialism, Scramble for Africa

Non-Regents DBQ Essays

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